Disease reports are made to the local health department in the jurisdiction of the patient's address. Kansas does provide a Disease Reporting Form
for physicians and others to use.
Once the report is received local public health will start a case investigation of the disease following uniform disease protocols. The local health department will follow up with the patient and patient's doctor to determine signs, symptoms, duration and treatment of the illness. This enables public health to define the disease as confirmed, probable, or suspect and establish dates that the patient may have been contagious to others.
A contact investigation is conducted if a person is found to have a probable or confirmed infectious reportable disease. A listing is made of all persons who may have had an association with that individual and been exposed to infection. These people are then contacted and provided education and/or prophylaxis ( vaccination or antibiotics) to prevent them from acquiring the disease.